The Agricultural Academy is a unified scientific structure, with centralized management, endowed with a coordinating function and scientific units that perform elements of globally and nationally significant scientific projects. Its role as a national autonomous budget organization under the Minister for Agriculture, Food and Forestry is to do research in applied, service and support activities in the field of agriculture, animal husbandry and the food industry. These activities are carried out within the framework of the state agrarian policy and in accordance with the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union.
Its leading vocation is to help strengthen and enhance the link between education, science and business in Bulgarian agriculture. For these purposes, it has set key priorities shared with the industries, producers, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry (MAFF) and other users of its scientific products.