Galabovo Municipality is located in the southeastern part of the Upper Thracian Lowland.
The main mineral resource available to the municipality is lignite coal, which is the basis of coal mining and electricity generation. They are part of the East Maritsa coal basin / area of about 200 sq. km, about 2.6 billion tonnes, located in a 30 m thick layer; representing 57% of the coal reserves of Bulgaria / located on the territory of the municipalities of Radnevo and Galabovo. The territories for extraction of fossil fuels occupy 17.6% of the total area of Galabovo Municipality.
The mining industry (coal mining) and electricity production, electricity transmission and energy repair are leading economic industries and activities in the municipality.
Industry has a leading position in terms of the number of employees in labor relations.